Heating ventilation and air conditioning systems are designed for long-term use. Some systems are rated to be used for years before the homeowner can contemplate replacing them. However, that doesn’t mean one should ignore their HVAC systems completely.

Various factors can affect the integrity of your heating and cooling systems leading to a complete breakdown of the system or a drop in its efficiency. Either way, you will lose lots of money if you don’t identify and fix the issue swiftly.

So, in this article, we will look at some of the top tips that can help you monitor your heating and cooling systems to ensure they are working optimally.

Clean Your Filters

Air filters are designed to be used for between three to six months before a replacement is necessary. The exact duration after which the filter should be replaced will ultimately depend on various factors, including where you live and how hard your system is working.

Nevertheless, several signs can indicate that you need to replace your air filters. These include; a wheezing noise from the system, high levels of dust in the air, and high utility bills.

When the air filters are clogged with dirt, the efficiency of your system drops, its performance also suffers, and that’s why air can sneak into your home. That leaves you exposed to various health conditions like respiratory issues and allergies. 

Not only that, but your filter can also trap moisture. That can lead to the growth and spread of mold, which could result in serious health issues.

Avoid all that by inspecting your air filter at least once every month. You should also replace the filter once every three months.

Upgrade Your Thermostat

A thermostat can boost the efficiency of your heating and cooling system significantly. For example, you can set a programmable thermostat to heat your home during the hours when everyone is at home and not when people are at work or in school. That means your system will only consume energy when it’s actually necessary.

Therefore, it’s good to upgrade to a thermostat with extensive programming features. Sure, it will cost a few extra dollars; however, the functionality it delivers is well worth it.

Clean The Outside Unit

Sometimes the performance of your system is affected by the unit outside. Remember, the outdoor unit is exposed to all sorts of environmental elements. Leaves and other debris can accumulate in the system during summer. This can affect the fan’s performance and reduce the circulation of air. Similarly, snow can accumulate in the unit during winter.

It’s critical to monitor the unit and ensure it’s working correctly. The good news is this is a simple DIY task. You won’t have to hire a professional or spend hundreds of dollars on it. Just check the unit and ensure no debris or any other materials are affecting its performance.

Clean Drain Lines

Drain lines can collect dirt, dust, and other kinds of debris. Meanwhile, the air conditioner and cooling system can remove moisture from the air through the system. The moisture can combine with the dirt in the drain lines to cause clogging. This becomes a huge problem over time.

To avoid that, you need to clean the drain lines regularly. Open the unit and get rid of any dirt, dust, or clogging building up in the unit. You can also use water and vinegar to eliminate any mold forming in the unit.

Pay Attention To Funny Noises Coming From Your Unit

Sometimes keeping an ear out for funny noises can help you identify potential issues with your unit long before they cause a significant breakdown. Heating and cooling systems are designed to work without causing any noises. Therefore, when you notice your unit producing louder or funny noises, chances are something is wrong. Your filter could be clogged, for example. 

Whatever the issue is, you must get it fixed immediately. Sometimes you might be able to fix the problem yourself. For example, if the filter is clogged with debris, you might be able to clean it on your own. However, if the issue is more severe, bring in professionals to fix your air conditioning right away. You don’t want to ignore the issue and have it escalate into a significant problem.

Conduct Regular Maintenance

To keep your system working correctly round the clock, schedule regular professional maintenance. Experts recommend a professional check-up at least once per year. However, you are free to do more than that, especially if you use your system a lot.

The professional will inspect your system and ensure everything is working as it should. They will also recommend any upgrade worth performing to optimize energy consumption.

Keeping your heating and cooling system working properly is critical for various reasons. First, it affects energy consumption and, by extension, your utility bills. Second, it impacts the habitability of your home. Finally, it can influence how safe or healthy your home is. Therefore, this is not something you want to take lightly. So, use the above tips to keep your unit working properly.

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